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Восстановление после сбоя

Замечание

Документация находится в процессе перевода и может отставать от английской версии.

Восстановление после сбоя

«Degraded state» is a situation when the master becomes unavailable – due to hardware or network failure, or due to a programming bug.

../../../../_images/mr-degraded.svg

In a master-replica set, if a master disappears, error messages appear on the replicas stating that the connection is lost:

$ # messages from a replica's log
2017-06-14 16:23:10.993 [19153] main/105/applier/replicator@192.168.0. I> can't read row
2017-06-14 16:23:10.993 [19153] main/105/applier/replicator@192.168.0. coio.cc:349 !> SystemError
unexpected EOF when reading from socket, called on fd 17, aka 192.168.0.101:57815,
peer of 192.168.0.101:3301: Broken pipe
2017-06-14 16:23:10.993 [19153] main/105/applier/replicator@192.168.0. I> will retry every 1 second
2017-06-14 16:23:10.993 [19153] relay/[::ffff:192.168.0.101]:/101/main I> the replica has closed its socket, exiting
2017-06-14 16:23:10.993 [19153] relay/[::ffff:192.168.0.101]:/101/main C> exiting the relay loop

… and the master’s status is reported as «disconnected»:

# report from replica #1
tarantool> box.info.replication
---
- 1:
    id: 1
    uuid: 70e8e9dc-e38d-4046-99e5-d25419267229
    lsn: 542
    upstream:
      status: disconnected
      idle: 182.36929893494
      message: connect, called on fd 13, aka 192.168.0.101:58244
      lag: 0.00026607513427734
  2:
    id: 2
    uuid: fb252ac7-5c34-4459-84d0-54d248b8c87e
    lsn: 0
  3:
    id: 3
    uuid: fd7681d8-255f-4237-b8bb-c4fb9d99024d
    lsn: 0
    downstream:
      vclock: {1: 542}
...
# report from replica #2
box.info.replication
---
- 1:
    id: 1
    uuid: 70e8e9dc-e38d-4046-99e5-d25419267229
    lsn: 542
    upstream:
      status: disconnected
      idle: 186.76988101006
      message: connect, called on fd 13, aka 192.168.0.101:58253
      lag: 0.00027203559875488
  2:
    id: 2
    uuid: fb252ac7-5c34-4459-84d0-54d248b8c87e
    lsn: 0
    upstream:
      status: follow
      idle: 186.76960110664
      lag: 0.00020599365234375
  3:
    id: 3
    uuid: fd7681d8-255f-4237-b8bb-c4fb9d99024d
    lsn: 0
...

To declare that one of the replicas must now take over as a new master:

  1. Make sure that the old master is gone for good:
    • change network routing rules to avoid any more packets being delivered to the master, or
    • shut down the master instance, if you have access to the machine, or
    • power off the container or the machine.
  2. Say box.cfg{read_only=false, listen=URI} on the replica, and box.cfg{replication=URI} on the other replicas in the set.

Примечание

If there are updates on the old master that were not propagated before the old master went down, re-apply them manually to the new master using tarantoolctl cat and tarantoolctl play commands.

There is no automatic way for a replica to detect that the master is gone forever, since sources of failure and replication environments vary significantly. So the detection of degraded state requires an external observer.