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Module tap

Module tap

Overview

The tap module streamlines the testing of other modules. It allows writing of tests in the TAP protocol. The results from the tests can be parsed by standard TAP-analyzers so they can be passed to utilities such as prove. Thus one can run tests and then use the results for statistics, decision-making, and so on.

Index

Below is a list of all tap functions.

Name Use
tap.test() Initialize
taptest:plan() Indicate how many tests to perform
taptest:check() Check the number of tests performed
taptest:diag() Display a diagnostic message
taptest:ok() Evaluate the condition and display the message
taptest:fail() Evaluate the condition and display the message
taptest:skip() Evaluate the condition and display the message
taptest:is() Check if the two arguments are equal
taptest:isnt() Check if the two arguments are equal
taptest:isnil()
taptest:isstring()
taptest:isnumber()
taptest:istable()
taptest:isboolean()
taptest:isudata()
taptest:iscdata()
Check if a value has a particular type
taptest:is_deeply() Recursively check if the two arguments are equal
tap.test(test-name)

Initialize.

The result of tap.test is an object, which will be called taptest in the rest of this discussion, which is necessary for taptest:plan() and all the other methods.

Parameters:
  • test-name (string) – an arbitrary name to give for the test outputs.
Return:

taptest

Rtype:

userdata

tap = require('tap')
taptest = tap.test('test-name')
object taptest
taptest:plan(count)

Indicate how many tests will be performed.

Parameters:
  • count (number) –
Return:

nil

taptest:check()

Checks the number of tests performed. This check should only be done after all planned tests are complete, so ordinarily taptest:check() will only appear at the end of a script.

Will display # bad plan: ... if the number of completed tests is not equal to the number of tests specified by taptest:plan(...).

Return:nil
taptest:diag(message)

Display a diagnostic message.

Parameters:
  • message (string) – the message to be displayed.
Return:

nil

taptest:ok(condition, test-name)

This is a basic function which is used by other functions. Depending on the value of condition, print ‘ok’ or ‘not ok’ along with debugging information. Displays the message.

Parameters:
  • condition (boolean) – an expression which is true or false
  • test-name (string) – name of test
Return:

true or false.

Rtype:

boolean

Example:

tarantool> taptest:ok(true, 'x')
ok - x
---
- true
...
tarantool> tap = require('tap')
---
...
tarantool> taptest = tap.test('test-name')
TAP version 13
---
...
tarantool> taptest:ok(1 + 1 == 2, 'X')
ok - X
---
- true
...
taptest:fail(test-name)

taptest:fail('x') is equivalent to taptest:ok(false, 'x'). Displays the message.

Parameters:
  • test-name (string) – name of test
Return:

true or false.

Rtype:

boolean

taptest:skip(message)

taptest:skip('x') is equivalent to taptest:ok(true, 'x' .. '# skip'). Displays the message.

Parameters:
  • test-name (string) – name of test
Return:

nil

Example:

tarantool> taptest:skip('message')
ok - message # skip
---
- true
...
taptest:is(got, expected, test-name)

Check whether the first argument equals the second argument. Displays extensive message if the result is false.

Parameters:
  • got (number) – actual result
  • expected (number) – expected result
  • test-name (string) – name of test
Return:

true or false.

Rtype:

boolean

taptest:isnt(got, expected, test-name)

This is the negation of taptest:is(...).

Parameters:
  • got (number) – actual result
  • expected (number) – expected result
  • test-name (string) – name of test
Return:

true or false.

Rtype:

boolean

taptest:isnil(value, test-name)
taptest:isstring(value, test-name)
taptest:isnumber(value, test-name)
taptest:istable(value, test-name)
taptest:isboolean(value, test-name)
taptest:isudata(value, test-name)
taptest:iscdata(value, test-name)

Test whether a value has a particular type. Displays a long message if the value is not of the specified type.

Parameters:
  • value (lua-value) –
  • test-name (string) – name of test
Return:

true or false.

Rtype:

boolean

taptest:is_deeply(got, expected, test-name)

Recursive version of taptest:is(...), which can be be used to compare tables as well as scalar values.

Return:

true or false.

Rtype:

boolean

Parameters:
  • got (lua-value) – actual result
  • expected (lua-value) – expected result
  • test-name (string) – name of test

Example

To run this example: put the script in a file named ./tap.lua, then make tap.lua executable by saying chmod a+x ./tap.lua, then execute using Tarantool as a script processor by saying ./tap.lua.

#!/usr/bin/tarantool
local tap = require('tap')
test = tap.test("my test name")
test:plan(2)
test:ok(2 * 2 == 4, "2 * 2 is 4")
test:test("some subtests for test2", function(test)
    test:plan(2)
    test:is(2 + 2, 4, "2 + 2 is 4")
    test:isnt(2 + 3, 4, "2 + 3 is not 4")
end)
test:check()

The output from the above script will look approximately like this:

TAP version 13
1..2
ok - 2 * 2 is 4
    # Some subtests for test2
    1..2
    ok - 2 + 2 is 4,
    ok - 2 + 3 is not 4
    # Some subtests for test2: end
ok - some subtests for test2